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  • The status of mariculture, sale and consumption of crayfish
  • 2017/9/25 Read the number:[1500]
  •  

    In recent years, crayfish culture, sales and consumption are unusually hot. The author analyzes the three aspects of lobster breeding output, area, shrimp price trend, crayfish supply and sale and consumption, to find out the reason.
    1. Overall situation 1 increase in production
    As a result of its strong reproductive capacity and wide adaptation, crayfish once overpropagated. In recent years, with the sharp increase of the consumption of crayfish, the wild crayfish resources have declined sharply. At present, the market supply of crayfish is mainly derived from culture. The economic benefit of the crayfish is high, the market continues to strengthen, and the crayfish farmers are growing more and more.
    The crayfish farming area is mainly concentrated in Hubei, Jiangsu and Anhui provinces. In 2012, the production of crayfish farming in Hubei accounted for 59.4% of the total in the year. Hubei province Jingzhou as the first city Chinese freshwater fisheries, 2013, Jingzhou City crawfish farming production of about 153 thousand tons; in 2014, crayfish aquaculture production reached 175 thousand tons; in 2015, crayfish aquaculture production in about 210 thousand tons (Figure 1, data from the Jingzhou Municipal Bureau of aquatic products). The production of crayfish in Jingzhou has increased greatly, and the enthusiasm of the farmers is high.

    2 increase in aquaculture area
    Hubei province crayfish breeding mode mainly has the following 4 types: intensive pond, shrimp polyculture, rice shrimp (shrimp rice rotation) and outian shrimp (shrimp lotus rotation). At present, the provincial and Municipal Fisheries Bureau and the extension station of the whole province are popularizing lotus root shrimp and rice field prawns to raise shrimp mainly in rice fields. During the 2015-2016 year period, the rice farming prawns rose rapidly in Qianjiang, Honghu and Jianli counties of Hubei province. By the end of 2015, the area of the development of shrimp in paddy fields was nearly twice as much as in the past.
    In 2015, the aquaculture area of the crayfish in Jiangxi was 20% higher than that of the previous year, reaching 200 thousand mu. In 2015, the total area of crayfish culture in Hubei was only 570 thousand mu, and the official data showed that in 2016, the aquaculture area was more than 1 million 200 thousand mu. From the analysis of the national situation, the total area of crayfish culture in 2016 has been greatly increased, and no specific statistical growth data have been found at present.
    3 crayfish shrimp prices
    In 2014, the price of shrimp crayfish in 10 ~ 20 yuan / kg; in 2015, the price range of 16 ~ 30 yuan / kg; by 2016, shrimp prices rose to 30 ~ 40 yuan / kg, the highest reached 60 yuan / kg. Crayfish shrimp 2016 rose significantly, is mainly caused by a variety of factors by the increase in the number of breeding area and reduce shrimp etc.. But as far as the current price is concerned, most farmers still think it is acceptable. With shrimp prices, crayfish breeding costs, making farmers more through natural breeding seedlings in response to the rising prices of lobster shrimp, natural reproduction technology poor farmers may reduce or abandon farming.
    Two. The price trend of crayfish prawns is steadily rising

    In recent years, crayfish culture, sales and consumption are unusually hot. The author analyzes the three aspects of lobster breeding output, area, shrimp price trend, crayfish supply and sale and consumption, to find out the reason.
    1. Overall situation 1 increase in production
    As a result of its strong reproductive capacity and wide adaptation, crayfish once overpropagated. In recent years, with the sharp increase of the consumption of crayfish, the wild crayfish resources have declined sharply. At present, the market supply of crayfish is mainly derived from culture. The economic benefit of the crayfish is high, the market continues to strengthen, and the crayfish farmers are growing more and more.
    The crayfish farming area is mainly concentrated in Hubei, Jiangsu and Anhui provinces. In 2012, the production of crayfish farming in Hubei accounted for 59.4% of the total in the year. Hubei province Jingzhou as the first city Chinese freshwater fisheries, 2013, Jingzhou City crawfish farming production of about 153 thousand tons; in 2014, crayfish aquaculture production reached 175 thousand tons; in 2015, crayfish aquaculture production in about 210 thousand tons (Figure 1, data from the Jingzhou Municipal Bureau of aquatic products). The production of crayfish in Jingzhou has increased greatly, and the enthusiasm of the farmers is high.

    2 increase in aquaculture area
    Hubei province crayfish breeding mode mainly has the following 4 types: intensive pond, shrimp polyculture, rice shrimp (shrimp rice rotation) and outian shrimp (shrimp lotus rotation). At present, the provincial and Municipal Fisheries Bureau and the extension station of the whole province are popularizing lotus root shrimp and rice field prawns to raise shrimp mainly in rice fields. During the 2015-2016 year period, the rice farming prawns rose rapidly in Qianjiang, Honghu and Jianli counties of Hubei province. By the end of 2015, the area of the development of shrimp in paddy fields was nearly twice as much as in the past.
    In 2015, the aquaculture area of the crayfish in Jiangxi was 20% higher than that of the previous year, reaching 200 thousand mu. In 2015, the total area of crayfish culture in Hubei was only 570 thousand mu, and the official data showed that in 2016, the aquaculture area was more than 1 million 200 thousand mu. From the analysis of the national situation, the total area of crayfish culture in 2016 has been greatly increased, and no specific statistical growth data have been found at present.
    3 crayfish shrimp prices
    In 2014, the price of shrimp crayfish in 10 ~ 20 yuan / kg; in 2015, the price range of 16 ~ 30 yuan / kg; by 2016, shrimp prices rose to 30 ~ 40 yuan / kg, the highest reached 60 yuan / kg. Crayfish shrimp 2016 rose significantly, is mainly caused by a variety of factors by the increase in the number of breeding area and reduce shrimp etc.. But as far as the current price is concerned, most farmers still think it is acceptable. With shrimp prices, crayfish breeding costs, making farmers more through natural breeding seedlings in response to the rising prices of lobster shrimp, natural reproduction technology poor farmers may reduce or abandon farming.
    Two. The price trend of crayfish prawns is steadily rising

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